ALBURG-CALDEWLL MANOR

1784-1826

 

draft by Fay Young

 

 

       The Alexander Young family escaped down Lake Champlain from Skeensborough to St.John on the Richelieu River in the fall of 1777.They included Alexander Young & wife Elizabeth Sneed/Snead Young, their children James, Margaret Young [mar. Charles Kilborn], Andrew Young [mar. Polly Currier], Nancy Agnes Young and future husband John Robert Chilton; Elizabeth Young [may have mar. Ithiel Crosby Towner], Mary Young [mar. John Magowan], Charles Young [mar. Elizabeth Williams], and three other unknown children. They were destitute, only the cloths on there backs, no shelter or food, just like hundreds of other Loyalists. A small ration was supplied and some military work could be done. Alexander Young, who came over to America with Montgomery’s 77th Highland Regiment, after escaping joined “The Kings Rangers” but did not get paid so sold his commission. I suspect that he did secret work for them or others as mention was found of trips up Lake Champlain. A lot of these people, including the Young family eventually applied for and got grants of land to settle on. The Caldwell Manor area was where a lot of the families ended up with grants of land near the American border. Way back in 1734 the French in Canada had granted some areas in what is now Vt. to others. After the British conquest those titles passed on to Henry Caldwell and then to his son and of course this led to a wrangle of claimants with settlers in possession often winning. The map described below has about 225 names on it that probably most are from Loyalist who escaped .Some would be the children who were very young at the time of escape.

      The two maps that I have been fortunate to receive have the names of families on each lot owned by them in Caldwell Manor Canada and Allburg VT. In 1789-1826 time frame. This would have been when roads were being cleared on land so that the water transportation was supplemented probably on old Indian trails.

     Map one has Alexander Young name on it three times , including two on the USA Canada border of the time probably before the border was moved and  on the  north side or Canadian side of the line. The third Alexander Young lot is located on part of the third lot directly above the Province line, and has Charles Young above and below it. The lot shows the road going through it not as being at the west corner of the lot at the Province line. The lots in between have the names; A. Iby, William Newman [? Spelling]. Below the Iby lot is Alexander Young right on the Provencal line. A road from the Provincial line on Alexander Young’s west lot corner goes completely across Caldwell Manor on this map.  Next property’s are James Williams, then Charles Young, then Alexander Young and Charles Young next- .About half way up this row of lot’s is a William N. Young and then Samuel Young and near it a Jacob Young ,all three thought to be a different Young family than mine. William Chilton JR. had a lot with a different road crossing it that goes from the provincial line through Caldwell Manor. Below him is Amos Kenyon, then William Chilton, John Manning, Ransom Nutt, then George Chilton, William McDanud? and Richard? McDanud on the border line. This has to be the oldest map.

       Map two, supposedly 1827, sent to me by Robert Douglas Macfie shows “the widow of Alexander Young” Range one concession 4 Lot 2, 48 acres on it. This map has Richard Steinbarge on the Provincial line exactly where the first map has Alexander Young and the road at the Provincial line exactly at the west corner.  Next “widow of Alexander Young 48 acres”, it has the road going across the lot not at the west border as lot one did, but further East.  Above this Jas [James]Young twice 50 acres each, the Chs [Charles]Young for 50 acres and then an odd shaped lot of about 50 more, then Samuel Comer 50 acres. Then Stallman Cobb 93 acres, Samual Williams 80 acres, then Samual Comer 25 more, a Comer married one of Alexander Young’s grand children. All are in the area involved in the agreement between USA and Canada that made Fort Montgomery ,later called  Fort Blunder on USA land when a Fort  had been started  mistakenly in Canada. The road from the border through Beech ridge to Henrysville on the east side of the Richelieu River in Canada is the area.

       I would believe that the first map was where the old line was and map two of where the line was AFTER April 18, 1818 when the State of NY. Ceded 400 acres on the West side of the Richelieu river , to the United States for  military use although construction had started in 1816 so called Fort Blunder had been started  by mistake in Canada; it was on the Richelieu River, supposedly built in  and on the New York side of the Richelieu River. Anyone wanting to thoroughly understand the history and transportation of the early times should log onto James P.Millard`s historic lakes web site.

    A Fort Lenox had been built on Isle Aux St John and a Fort Chambly at St.John. The Great War path had been developed along the water. Gentleman Jim Burgoyne put about 10,000 troops on it for his invasion attempt in 1777.Later  the treaty of Ghent and the King of the Netherlands by agreement  offered by negotiator Ashton to Daniel Webster  to settle the boundary problem  between Maine  and New Brunswick  on the upper St.John river in New Brunswick  to British satisfaction  with the United States and  to get possession of Rousers Point  and  Fort Blunder , a settlement finalized about 1838. When the line had again been surveyed it was discovered that the Fort had been started in Canada, so later when a trade could be arranged for land on the border near Maine, the swap was done and the 45 parallel had a change, the border  was moved about1/2 mile North See page 10-11 of “Historic Atlas Province of Quebec Eastern Townships 1881” by H.Beldon and a Cornell University web site MOA, page 266 explains this from the book “North-Eastern and Northern Boundary”  This is the Focault tract that had passed on to Gen. John Caldwell as Caldwell’s Manor , and the Northern or Noyen Seigniory became the property of Gabriel Christe, and was named Christie’s Manor. This of course created a situation where families on the border as a minimum became residence of a different country or possibly worse had to move. Because the dispute took so long to settle and the possibility of the people who lived there influencing the decision, there was strife in the area until about 1838 with armed revolts, houses burned and military mustered in both countries took place. A description of this can be seen on the roots web Vermont Grand Isle Alburg site.”In the winter of 1837-8, the Patriot refugees, the Patriots in Canada and their associates were busy in gathering arms and material aid, preparatory to an invasion of Canada-while the Canada authorities and volunteers on the north side of the line were preparing too. The war of 1812 was right here.

   A Vermont Militia was mustered under Capt.G.Harrington`s Company from the 8th day of April, to the 30th day of April when it was mustered out of service by order of Vt. Gov. Jennison who had mustered then into service earlier. Some of the volunteers on the list were descendants or relative of Alexander Young in fact one was named Alexander Young. Several potential relatives were named Deul, Darby, Magowan, Manning, Mott, Williams etc. All this on the Alburg Grand Isle area and obviously in conflict with loyalists on the Canadian side of the line in some cases. In other words it was a time of choosing or being forced to take sides.

   On Dec.8, 1837 a party of Patriots from L`Acadie arrived in Swanton Falls where there was a large group of refugees, about 95 men mustered and proceed into Canada. They were armed even with two Cannons and were to forced there way through the belt of Loyalists who lined that portion of the border west of Missisquoi bay to reach there friends in the interior of Canada.[see roots web Vt. Grand Isle ].

  The Abenaquis Indians in 1786 had laid claim to land in and around Isle South Hero. Other tribes before had been in the area at different times to since the Ice age and of course others before the Ice age. Governor Chittenden appointed Col Allen to remove all unlawful intruders from the frontier but this disturbance persisted until fall of 1788.

    The Alburg history site says that probably on Jan.1, 1839- “sometime during the winter a family of VOSBURGH, residing in the first house across the line on the main road running from West Alburg to Caldwell`s Manor was raided by a company of these misreauts from the south side of the line”- just up the road a man of the Beech Ridge community refused to take an oath of allegiance.

   James Young, first son of Andrew Young, born 1762 probably in Skeensboro, likely is the James Young that was a settler on the Champlain Lake shore on the Alburg side about ½-3/4 mile south of where the bridge from Alburg to New York is located.  He would have escaped as a loyalist from Skeensborro up Lake Champlain just after the revolution in 1777 to St.John PQ Canada, with the Alexander Young family, and may have got his land right from John Caldwell as Canadian land, in what is now Alburg Vt. USA. His name is on the early records at the Vt. State Archives in Barrie Vt. He is listed in the 1790 US census town of Alburg VT. Later  in 1802 he is listed with 200 acres in Sutton PQ Canada [item 1374 James Young, Sutton, lot 19, range 8] it appears that he later moved and had descendants in New York to Moria, Franklin NY, and that his descendants mostly then moved west. A son James Young Jr. married Saloma Comar and she died Jan.19, 1855 in Moria Corners NY where she is buried and has a Grave stone. The name Comer is on the first mentioned lot map as a Young neighbor.

     The Chilton families on the map are the result of John Robert Chilton and Nancy Agnes Young, a daughter of Alexander Young .They had 13 children. Thanks to descendants I have much information on this family.

     Charles Young, a son of Alexander Young and Elizabeth Sneed, married Elizabeth Willams and they had 8 children. Charles is on the maps, he died Oct.12, 1858 in Clarenceville. Of their children Elizabeth Mar. Henry Vosburg, [apparently there home was raided about 1838, property was stolen and attempts made on there life by riders from south of the border. There home appears to have been where Alexander Young had had property on the border on the road to Beech ridge.] Matilda Mar. Herman Mott, Martha Mar. Timothy Mott, Alexander Mar. Ann Steenbarg, Charles Mar. Lurenda Iby, Nancy Ann Mar. Hiram Biecort –

     Mary Young [ Polly ] daughter of Alexander Young and Elizabeth Sneed ,married John Magowan,  she died sept.26,1845 and they are buried in mud Creek cemetery in Alburg center. They apparently had 13 children 

    Elizabeth Young daughter of Alexander Young and Elizabeth Sneed ,apparently married Ithiel Crosby Towner, they lived in St.John on the Richalu river and had 8 children.

   Ithiel Towner made application for land in Stanstead when Andrew Young and his brother in law Charles Kilborn did. I do not believe that Ithiel Towner ever moved there. It would be hard to 100% prove this connection but good enough for me unless someone can prove it wrong.

     Margaret Young daughter of Alexander Young and Elizabeth Sneed married Charles Kilborn. They were in the Alburg area for a few years and then moved to Stanstead where they were a founding family and well written up in any history of Stanstead such as “Forest and Clearings” They had 12 children.

   Andrew Young [my line] son of Alexander Young and Elizabeth Sneed got a grant in Stanstead where they and his sister and husband were original settlers. His mother in later years lived with him after she deed him some property that had been hers and Alexander Young’s .Thy had lived in Caldwell Manor; I have a copy of the deed... She is on the old map  on the lot as “the widow of Alxander Young” Andrew Young is written up in the  history book “Forest and Clearing” quoted as saying he was born in Whitehall NY.[Skeensbouo].